S&S Planning: Implementation Options

The assistance delivery method influences the quality, timing, scale of delivery and cost. It is possible to select a combination of implementation options based on an understanding of local markets, including commodity, labor and rental markets, in support of economic recovery.  Consider the impact of the selected implementation options on the degree of participation and sense of ownership, gender dynamics, social cohesion and livelihood opportunities [adapted from Sphere Handbook 2018].

You can refer to the table below or download the PDF File to save for offline reference.

Implementation Option
Reference Links
Technical Assistance and
Quality Assurance
Involves improving quality and safety of shelter and settlement by helping choosing accommodation, design, site layout, materials, and supervising the construction works. 

Note: the type of technical assistance will depend on the assistance options identified.  For example, supporting an urban planning or zoning will imply a different technical support to the relevant stakeholder.

CRS – Summary of Assistance Options: Factsheet, Tacloban following Typhoon Haiyan 



CRS – Summary of Assistance Options, selection criteria and entitlements, Tacloban following Typhoon Haiyan: How-to-Guide


Financial Support Support with funds can help households and communities access goods or services or meet their shelter and settlement needs. CRS – a Review of Shelter/WASH Delivery Methods in Post‑Disaster Recovery Interventions, Pintikasi, Philippines (2016):
In-kind Material Support Involves procuring and distributing items and materials directly to affected households.  
Commissioned Labor and Contracting Completion of shelter and settlement goals can be achieved by paying labor through owner-driven, contractor-driven or agency -driven models. CRS – Managing Post-disaster (Re)construction Projects: Book B- How to manage an owner-driven construction project and Book C: How to manage a contractor-built project
Capacity Building Training and general enhancement of skills for stakeholders to increase their ability to respond, individually and collectively. CRS Case Study – Nepal Earthquake Response, Technical Assistance for Recovery and Resilience Case Study