The project team can plan and conduct a walk through the community to observe the hazards and talk to people about their experiences of disasters. Once the walk is completed, Community Mobilizers will facilitate a preliminary map to understand the geographical vulnerability and risks of the area.
The facilitator leads a discussion about the frequency of disasters, and develops a timeline showing their chronology, scale and most memorable features. In the accompanying discussion, people will share their experiences of these disasters and remember their impact.
Social and Resource Mapping is an exercise that maps a community’s space, physical landmarks and resources (social, natural, economic, human, to identify the existing social and material capacities and vulnerabilities in the community along with areas of exposure where hazards occur.
Institutional Mapping uses a diagram to look at how a community is organized, both in terms of its internal organization and its relationships with the larger community beyond its borders.
Community members identify the key challenges they face relating to hazards and prioritize them by voting.
Groups within the community discuss possible solutions for the top problems identified during the previous activity. The group members draw on their experience of recent natural disasters to identify what changes they would like to see that will reduce the damage caused by future disasters.
Once agreed on a plan to address challenges associated with disaster in the community, the meeting participants assign people or groups to take responsibility for each of the proposed activities. Time frames are also assigned.
The HH DRR plan will help promoting individual HH level improvement in protection and preparedness practices related to their HH and community resources/assets.