Key Informant Interview (KII) Assessment Tool: Community Leaders and Government Officials


Below is the Guidance for the KII Assessment for Community and Government Officials


1. Identify the specific communities to be targeted by the assessment. The communities to be selected for the assessment have to meet the following criteria:

  • Villages/communities which are at high risk of natural disasters, which faces recurring small disasters, or have been highly affected by climate change, but are not covered by any actors. This means there is no Government, NGO or other interventions, but need is very high.

2. Gather general information about communities:

  • Size, gender/age/handicapped/ethnicity/religion/etc data disaggregation,
  • Current WASH situation and coverage
  • Current WASH actors in the targeted areas
  • Current water and sanitation development plans/national master plan
  • Main health problems related to water borne diseases

3. Gather local government and community leaders perspective on:

  • Disaster key drivers, climate change trends, and their DRR/CCA plans and capacity to implement them
  • Main impacts of these disasters on water resources, sanitation access and health risk
  • Factors which increase the risk of disaster in their area of responsibility
  • The types of activities done by the Government to reduce this risk or adapt to climate change trends
  • Ways these activities can be further strengthened
  • Response capacity of Government for a disaster
  • Current community activities to reduce risk and main community actors/leaders/associations implementing these activities
  • Ways to strengthen response capacity
  • Ideas for future programs

4. Identify existing documentation on DRR and emergency preparedness such as:

  • DRR Strategies
  • EP including contingency planning and EWS
  • Evacuation centers


1. Schedule interviews with people involved in developing DRR/CCA plans at Local level. Try and request a semi-private environment, free from distractions or disruptions. Request that they prepare the following documents for your meeting and be ready to take photos in case they cannot give you access to copies (especially of risk assessments/maps and DRRM/CCA plans:

Risk map or assessment results (if existing)

  • Hazard maps and reports (if existing)
  • Most recent local DRRM/CCA plan (if existing)
  • Municipal/Village Development Plan
  • Current Land Use plan.
  • Annual Investment Plan
  • contingency planning document (if existing)
  • 3Ws (Who, What, Where)
  • Early warning system document (if existing)
  • Get consent from KI and go through the questionnaire below.

Note: the KII guidance includes questions for Local Government (as instructed to do so), and questions for Local Government and Community Leaders (all other questions).