The guidance tool for Community Perceptions of Risk Assessments is described below.
This process of FGD using this tool, is designed to help the facilitators’ team and the communities to
- Identify and discuss the hazards (such as flooding, less rainfall or longer dry spells or warm season or pest attack or any other factors) that put the community at risk and affect frequently
- How these hazards/risks affect the communities and the families and their various categories of assets such as land, crop, livestock, home and any other socio-economic assets
- How these hazards/risks affect their community assets such as roads, land, critical infrastructures (water canal, drainage system, irrigation system, schools, health centers, etc)
- Identify the key problems that communities and households (both most vulnerable and medium vulnerable) face due to hazards/risks identified above and prioritize those problems (related to livelihoods, agricultural land, cultivation practices, pasture land if any, soil, livestock (fodder, health, hygiene, and grazing practices), household savings for any shocks/emergency/risk reduction activities, which has the greatest impact on people’s ability to manage and reduce their future risks, both at the community level and household level.
- To identify a range of existing coping strategies at community and household level.
- To identify the range of existing and possible solutions based on their own knowledge and resources to address some of these challenges. (or to Identify the Good practices in the communities and HH level to address some of the risks and hazards identified as above).
- To understand and identify communities and Households perceptions towards resilience or what will make them more resilient towards the identified effects of disasters/hazards.
How to conduct the discussion: There will be eight FGDs in each village. Two FGDs each with women (most vulnerable and medium vulnerable) and two FGDs each with men (most vulnerable and medium vulnerable).
Time: 3 hours
Men from the targeted village (8- 10 persons for each focused group discussion)
Women from the targeted village (8 – 10 persons for each of the focused group discussions)
Preparation (A MUST for all staffs including program team):
Print copies of this TOOL, read the tool before visit, do a role-play in your team if needed, sketch pen, chart paper and pens for the note taker.
Assessment Questions are included in the full tool HERE